An elephant’s trunk comprises 6 muscle groups that are subdivided into 100,000 individual muscles, and the elephant shows considerable dexterity in using this extensive power network daun belalai gajah. In India, law enforcement officers assist elephants to maneuver illegally parked cars. The elephant wraps its trunk across the offending auto and moves it out from the way. On another end of the spectrum, elephants have enough control over their power to be able grasp and lift a fresh egg with the trunk without breaking the shell. An elephants uses the fingerlike projections by the end of its trunk to scratch itchy skin behind its ears or to wipe dust away from its eyes. A mother elephant guides her youngster using her trunk just how a shepherd uses a staff to corral sheep, nudging the baby gently underneath her body if she spots a predator, or pushing him along with the remaining portion of the herd toward food or water. She also steers her child by grabbing its tail with her trunk and shifting to the proper or left.
An elephant’s trunk also serves as a straw or perhaps a hose. An elephant fills its trunk with around 5 quarts of water and then empties it into its mouth to be able to drink. Elephants also cool off with mud baths, scooping wet soil from the river bottom and flinging it onto their hot skin. When an elephant goes swimming, it uses its trunk as a snorkel.
When elephants need certainly to communicate with others in the herd, the trunk and the ears are used to telegraph emotions. Raising the trunk indicates excitement or danger, making trumpeting sounds with the trunk is a sign of joy (especially when combined with flapping ears), and sniffing a subject followed by placing the end of the trunk within the mouth shows curiosity. Like cats, elephants exhibit the Flehmen response when they detect strange scents utilizing the Jacobsons organ that is situated in the roof of its mouth. Scents tell the elephant whose been prowling in its territory. When other elephants visit a herd member by having an apparent sneer on its face, they know that something interesting has been discovered in the area.
Elephants use their ears as air conditioners. Elephants’ears contain a network of blood vessels that expand during summer and allow body heat to escape. Cooled blood returns to the body, effectively bringing the elephant’s core temperature down. Elephants thrust out their ears when they should chill out, and often face toward the prevailing winds in order to gain the most cooling effectation of the passing breezes.
The multitasking elephant listens having its feet in addition to its ears. When an elephant speaks, it makes a low-pitched rumbling sound that is nearly inaudible but that sends vibrations through the earth. Other elephants get the message through their toes. These seismic messages can travel several miles, offering elephant herds the equivalent of telegraph.
And what allows the elephant to move silently across the Savannah? Elephants have a spongy layer of skin on their feet that is comparable to the only of an excellent set of sneakers. Like sneakers, this layer also acts as an application of shock absorber, allowing an animal weighing several tons to walk or run without jarring its joints.